Metabolic surgery is the name of surgical intervention in the treatment of metabolic syndrome mellitus. The most common approach against type 2 diabetes is education, diet, exercise and medication combined. However, it is very difficult to have diet and exercise for a lifetime. The illness can still be progressive despite the treatment. Results can be discouraging even at the highest dosage of insulin. Therefore, metabolic surgery is the most effective alternative treatment for type 2 Diabetes patients.
Metabolic surgery works best on patients who have type 2 diabetes yet there is no clear indication of being overweight. It is a type of surgery in which a segment of last part of small intestine (ileum) is interposed between the proximal small intestine in order to activate insulin hormones. Therefore, patient gets exempt from medication and vitamin supplements for life. Moreover, problems accompanying diabetes such as obesity, hypertension, cholesterol, trglycerides, excess weight, and sleeping apnea are permanently resolved.