There are many types of weight loss surgeries, known collectively as Bariatric Surgery. All forms of weight loss surgery aim to eliminate the obesity, causing weight loss by restricting the amount of food the stomach can hold, reaching and maintaining the ideal weight by gastric restriction. It can be described as the most effective method and a permanent cure against obesity. Patient may lose between 40 – 100 kilograms following the operation and the procedure prevents the patient from regaining weight. Having undergone the procedure, the patient is able to eliminate the risks of illnesses that may arise related to being overweight such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, joint problems, etc..
Who is a candidate for Bariatric Surgery?
Body Mass Index value has to be 35 or more in order to be suitable for the operation. Obesity surgery does not involve any elements concerning cosmetic surgery.
In the event BMI of a person > 40 kg / m2, a medical report displaying medical indications needs to be drafted by health council that is associated with General Surgeon, Endocronology Specialist (otherwise Internist), Psychiatrist, Anesthesist.
When BMI between 35 and 40, and at least one or more obesity related co-morbidities such as Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, and other respiratory disorders, non alcoholic fatty liver disease, osteoarthiritis, lipid abnormalities, gastrointestinal disorders or heart disease – the medical report showing the medical indications for this procedure should be issued by General Surgeon, Endocrinology (or Internal Diseases) Specialist, Psychiatrist and Anaesthetist.
For patients with BMI > 35 – the medical report issued by the medical council should specify that the candidate was unable to achieve a healthy weight loss sustained for a period of time with prior weight loss efforts (at least 6 months)
The medical facility where the operation will take place should have an operating theater with adequate infrastructural standards in terms of obesity along with a registered 3rd level adult Intensive Care Unit and an Endoscopy Unit.
In addition to those stated above, the following criterias have to be met :
No alcohol or prescription drug addiction
No cirrhosis of the liver in medical history
No incident of active cancer
No incident of heart attack in 1 year
No incident of advanced hear failure